(1783-1842) (Henri Beyle)
   Stendhal (the pseudonym of Henri Beyle), whose works reflect the turbulent era and extreme individualism of the author, was born in Grenoble. After a rebellious adolescence during which he declared himself an atheist and a Jacobin, Stendhal developed an interest in the works of the philosophers and of the romantics. While serving as an officer in the army of napoléon i, he became fascinated by Italian culture. He then edited his Journal (later published 1881-1935) to reflect his views. Settling in Milan, Italy, (1814-1821), he wrote an essay entitled Rome, Naples, et Florence (1817, signed with the name Stendhal). After a stay in Germany, he returned to Paris, where he was well received in worldly Parisian society and published De l'amour (1822) and a manifesto for liberal literary romanticism (Racine et Shakespeare, 1823, 1825) and two novels, Armance (1827) and his famous Le Rouge et le Noir (1830). Hampered, however, by his relative poverty and limited literary success, he returned to Italy (serving as consul in Trieste, then Civitavecchia, from 1830 to 1842). In 1834, he began Lucien Leuwen (unfinished, 1855) and, from 1836 to 1839, he stayed in Paris and published Les Mémoires d'un tourist (1838), then La Chartreuse de Parme (1839) and L'Abbesse de Castro (1939), a collection of short stories that would become the Chroniques italiennes (posthumous, 1855), accounts in which he presents his "cult of the self." Before returning to Italy, he wrote Lamiel (1842), an unfinished novel in which all his aspirations are expressed through a fascinating female character. After his death, besides his Journal, were published Vie de Renry Bru-lard (reminiscences of his childhood and adolescence, 1890) and Souvenirs d'égoïsme (1821-30, published 1892). Developing a theory that he called "beylism" (a combination of knowledge and a method of living that bases mental experiences in sensations), Stendhal believed that he would actually not be understood until the 20th century. Nonetheless, his writings, style, and literary concepts have had a great effect, influencing such writers as marcel proust, andré gide, and albert camus, as well as the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • STENDHAL — est fâcheusement réduit, de nos jours, à l’état de classique du roman: encore n’en connaît on ordinairement qu’un ou deux titres. Stendhal s’éloigne, et l’on méconnaît le rôle magistral qu’il a joué dans la littérature française du XXe siècle et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Stendhal — (* 23. Januar 1783 in Grenoble; † 23. März 1842 in Paris; eigentlich Marie Henri Beyle) war ein französischer Schriftsteller. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stendhal — Stendhal, retrato de Johan Olaf Sodemark (1840). Nombre completo Marie Henri Beyle Nacimiento 23 de enero de 17 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Stendhal — это open source многопользовательская онлайн игра (MMORPG) написанная на Java. Игра распростроняется под GPL. Графика аналогична уровню консоли SNES, геймплей напоминает Tibia.Последняя версия от 3 Декабря, 2007.External links*… …   Википедия

  • Stendhal —   [stɛ̃ dal], eigentlich Marie Henri Beyle [bɛl], französischer Schriftsteller, * Grenoble 23. 1. 1783, ✝ Paris 23. 3. 1842; stand 1800 14 mit Unterbrechung im Dienst Napoleons I. (1806 08 Intendant in Braunschweig, Teilnahme am Russischen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Stendhal — (Grenoble, 23 de enero de 1783 París, 23 de marzo de 1842), pseudónimo de Henri Beyle fue un escritor francés del Siglo XIX. * * * ► (1783 1842) Seudónimo de Henri Marie Beyle, escritor francés. En Milán escribió el primero de sus libros: Vida de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Stendhal — (spr. ßtangdall), Pseudonym, s. Beyle …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Stendhal — (spr. stangdáll), Pseudonym für M. H. Beyle (s.d.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Stendhal — (izg. stendȃl) (1783 1842) DEFINICIJA francuski književnik, kao mladić oduševljen slobodarskim idejama revolucije; 16 godišnji oficir u Napoleonovoj vojsci u Italiji, koja na njega ostavlja trajan životni i literarni dojam (Parmski kartuzijanski… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Stendhal — [sten däl′] (pseud. of Marie Henri Beyle) 1783 1842; Fr. novelist and essayist …   English World dictionary

  • Stendhal —  Pour l’article homophone, voir Stendal. Stendhal Marie Henri Beyle …   Wikipédia en Français

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